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2020中國醫療污水措置行業概覽

更新時候:2021-03-05 10:36 來歷:華西證券股權專家 作者: 瀏覽:346 網友批評0

醫療污水界說

YILIAOWUSHUILAILIJICHENGFENJIAOWEIPANGZA,QIHANYOUBINGYUANXINGWEISHENGWU、YOUDU、WUHAIDEWULIHUAXUEJINGHUAWUHEPENSHEXINGJINGHUADENG,BINGJUBEIKONGJIANJINGHUA、JIXINGZHANRANHEANZANGXINGZHANRANDENGTESE。

YILIAOWUSHUISHOUYAOSHICONGBINGYUAN(ZONGHEBINGYUAN、ZHUANYEBINGYUANJIBIEDEFANLIBINGYUAN)DEZHENLIAOSHI、HUAYANSHI、BINGFANG、XIYIFANG、XPIANPAIZHAOSHIHESHOUSHUSHIDENGXIANGTIANRANHUANJINGHUODOUHUIGUANDAOPAIFANGDEWUSHUI。

YUHUKOUWUSHUI、CAICHANWUSHUIBINI,YILIAOWUSHUIDUIHUANJINGDEYINGXIANGJIABEIYANJUN。RUOSHIHANYOUBINGYUANWEISHENGWUDEYILIAOWUSHUI,BUJINGXIAODU、MIEHUODENGWUHAIHUACUOZHI,ERJIANJIEPAIRUDOUHUIXIASHUIDAO,CHANGCHANGHUIZUCHENGSHUI、NITUDEJINGHUA。SHIYI,YILIAOWUSHUIPAIFANGHUANJINGJIABEIPANGZA。PUTONGHUANJINGXIA,YILIAOWUSHUIKEANYIXIASANZHONGTILITINGZHIFENLEI:

1 BINGYUANGEJUBUDEGONGXIAO、JUCUOBANFAHEZHIYUANZUCHENGHUANJINGCHABIE,YILIAOWUSHUISHOUYAOLAIZIYUZHENLIAOSHI、HUAYANSHI、BINGFANG、XGUANGZHAOXIANGSHI、SHOUSHUSHIDENGCHABIEJUBUKESHICHANSHENGDEZHONGJINSHUFEISHUI、HANYOUFEISHUI、XIYINFEISHUI、PENSHEXINGFEISHUIDENG。LINGWAI,CHABIEXINGZIBINGYUANCHANSHENGDEWUSHUIYEJIAOWEICHABIE,BIFANGZHANBAOBINGBINGYUANDEWUSHUIHUANJINGJIABEIPANGZA;

2 BINGYUANGEJUBUSHIMINGZHIYUAN、BINGQINGHUANZHEDENGCHABIEJUBUKESHISUOCHANSHENGDEHUKOUWUSHUI。ANZHAOSHUJUTONGJI,ZHONGGUOGEBINGYUANJUNYUNMEIZHANGBINGCHUANGTIANTIANKECHANSHENG0.8DUNHUKOUWUSHUI;

3 ZHIYAOWUSHUIDADIKEFENWEISANLEI:

①SHENGWUFENHUACHENGPIN,YONGWEISHENGWUFAJIAOCHUCHANDEGEZHONGKANGSHENGSUDENGYAOWU,FEISHUISHOUYAOHANYOUSHENGWUFENHUADAIXIECHANWU,JUNSITICANLIUYANGFENWUZIJIWUJIRONGJIDENG;

②HUAXUEFENHUACHENGPIN,YONGHUAXUEFENHUATILICHUCHANDEYAOWUHEZHIYAOZHONGJIANTI,FEISHUIZHONGHANYOUPINZHONGDANYIDEHUAXUEWUZI。

醫療污水措置系統

YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXITONGZUOWEIQUANBUYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXITONGDEJIAODIANJUBU,QISHOUYAOBAOLUOYILIAOWUSHUIDESOUJIYUCUOZHI、ERJIFANGHUCUOZHI、SANJIWEIFANYINGQICUOZHIHEXIAODUDENGJUBU。

GUANLIDEYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIZAIJIHECUOZHIQIAN,YAOJINGYOULICHENGTEDIDEGUANDAOTINGZHIYILIAOWUSHUIJIHESOUJI,LICHENGJIENAFENGSUOQINGSHI,BINGDIANMOBINGYUANWAIBUDEYANKUDESHAJUNXIAODUCUOZHIYUQIYUFEILIAOTINGZHIFENLEIBINGPAIRUYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXITONG;

YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIERJIFANGHUFANSHIJIENAQUANLICHENGJIEZHI,WEIFANGZHIBINGYUANWUSHUIBAOSONGLICHENGZHONGDEJINGHUA,DUIBINGYUANNEIHUKOUWUSHUIYUBINGQUWUSHUITINGZHIDANGCHANGCUOZHIZAIPAIRUDOUHUIWUSHUIZHONG。YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIERJIFANGHUSHOUYAOBAOLUOYILIAOWUSHUIDEYUCUOZHI、GUITIANHUOSHENGHUACUOZHIHEXIAODUDENGJUBU;

DIANMOSANJIYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHI“WEIFANYINGQIGONGYI”(QISHOUJINGYOULICHENGMOCUOZHI,JIANGCUOZHIHOUDEYILIAOWUSHUISHUNCIJINGYOULICHENGKONGJINGWEI0.1-1.0μmDETAOCIMOHE300-500DaDENALVMO,BINGJINGYOULICHENGDIAOLICUOZHI,JIANGMOCUOZHIHOUDEYILIAOFEISHUIYINRUDIAOLICHINEI,DIAOLIpHZHI3.5-4.0),ZHIDAOYILIAOWUSHUIDABIAOPAIFANG。ZUICHUJIANGYILIAOWUSHUIPAIRUDOUHUIWUSHUICUOZHICHANG,BINGZAIDOUHUIWUSHUICUOZHICHANGANZHAOCHABIEBIAOZHUNHECHABIEFANLIXIAODUJUCUOBANFACUOZHIXIA,ZHIDAOHESHIGUODUPAIFANGBIAOZHUNCAINENGTINGZHIPAIFANG。

YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIERJIFANGHUZUOWEIQUANBUYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXITONGDEJIAODIANJUBU,JIENAQUANLICHENGJIEZHI。YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIERJIFANGHUBAOLUOYILIAOWUSHUIDEYUCUOZHI、GUITIANHUOSHENGHUACUOZHIHEXIAODUDENGJUBU。

預措置

JIANGYILIAOWUSHUIZHIRUXIAODUCHINEI,CHASHOUXIAODUJITINGZHIXIAODUCUOZHI2-3h。XIAODUJIDEYONGLIANGWEI8-15g。XIAODUCHIDEWENDUJIEZHIZAI15-40℃,pHJIEZHIZAI5-9;

歸天措置

GUITIANCUOZHISHIZAIWEISHENGWUMEIFAFENHUADEWUHAIJIDIAN,JIANGXUNINGJI、HUNNINGJIDENGHUAXUEYAOJICHASHOUWUSHUI,JIANGWUHAIWUZHUANYIZHIWUNI,JINGYOULICHENGCUOZHIWUNIDAODAFANGZHEN

生化措置

SHENGHUACUOZHIJIENADESHIHAOYANGCUOZHI(YOUYANGJUBU)HEYANYANGCUOZHI(WUYANGJUBU)XIANGLIANXI,JISHUIJIESUANHUAHESHENDUYANGHUADAODACUOZHIYILIAOWUSHUIDEFANGZHEN。YOUYANGHEWUYANGLIANGGELICHENGNENGGOUHUOXUHUOXUHUOXUWANCHENGYOUYONGSHAJUN,BINGDIANMO24XIAOSHIDEJIDIANCUOZHIHEJIAYAOXIAODU(HUOXINGYANGXIAODUFEN),JIANCECOD、BODDENGXIANGGANFANGZHEN。

厭氧措置

JIANGXIAODUHOUDEYILIAOFEISHUIYINRUFENHUACHINEI,CHASHOUWEISHENGWU,CAOZONGYANYANGFAJIAOFACUOZHI16-20h。FENHUACHIDEWENDUJIEZHIZAI15-40℃,pHJIEZHI6-9,XIAORONGYANG0.2-0.5mg/L,MLVSSZAI3-6g/L。

好氧措置

JIANGYANYANGFAJIAOFAHOUDEYILIAOFEISHUIYINRUPUQICHINEI,CAOZONGPUQISHOUWANSHIFENWEIYUYILIAOFEISHUICHONGSHIDAZHANG,PUQICUOZHI40-48h,PUQICHIDEWENDUJIEZHIZAI15-40℃,pHJIEZHI7-8,XIAORONGYANG5-7mg/L,MLVSSZAI3-6g/L;

消毒措置

BINGYUANWUSHUICUOZHILICHENGZHONGPAIJIDEWUSHUIJUNYUNMEIZHANGBINGCHUANGJITIANTIANWEI0.7-0.8DUN,WUSHUIZHONGHANYOUBINGYUANTI70-80%,SHIYIZUICHUYIBUBIXUTINGZHIXIAODUCUOZHI。BINGYUANWUSHUICUOZHISHOUYAOSHISHAMIEBINGYUANTI,XIAODUTILIYOUJIAREXIAODU、HUAXUEYAOJIXIAODU、γSHEXIANXIAODUDENG:

①JIAREXIAODUDEREYUANFANSHIWEIZHENGQI、DIANNENG、SHENGWUNENG、TAIYANGNENGHUOYONGRANSHAOFACUOZHI;

②HUAXUEYAOJIXIAODUKEYONGPIAOBAIFEN、SHIHUI、ANSHUI、YELVHUOKEXINGNADENG。YONGPIAOBAIFENHUOYELVSHI,YOUYONGLVYONGLIANGWEIWUSHUILIANGDE2.5%;

③γSHEXIANXIAODUKEYONG60GUZUOFUSHEYUAN,FUSHEJILIANGWEI20-30WANLUNQIN,CITILIDUIWUNIXIAODUBUCHANSHENGCHOUQI,BINGKEGAILIANGWUNIDETUOSHUIHECHENJIANGXING,YONGDUJIAOGAO。

醫療污水措置工藝

JINCHAO,ZHONGGUOYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIGONGYIYIWULICUOZHISHOUYI、WEISHENGWUCUOZHISHOUYI、HUAXUECUOZHISHOUYIWEIZHU,CIZHONGHUAXUECUOZHISHOUYIJIAOWEIBIANJI。

01//物理措置手藝

積淀過濾法

JIDIANGUOLVFASHIYILIAOFEISHUIWULICUOZHIDEZHILIUSHOUYI,QIDAOLISHICAOZONGYILIAOFEISHUIZHONGXUANFUWUSHUIDEMIDUHEJINGHUAWUCHABIE,ANZHAOZHONGLICHENFUDEDAOLI,BAYILIAOWUSHUIZHONGDEXUANFUWUFENSHOUCHULAI。GUOLVFADEGUOLVJIEZHIYOUGANGTIAO、SHAIWANG、SHABU、SULIAO、WEIKONGGUANDENG。JINGCHANGCAOZONGDEGUOLVZHUANGBEIYOUGEZHA、ZHA WANG、WEILVJI、SHALVJI、ZHENKONGLVJI、YALVJIDENG;

離心分手體例

離心分手體例是將含有懸浮凈化物資的污水高速扭轉,懸浮顆粒和污水遭到的向心力巨細差別而被分手。按照向心力產生的體例,裝備可分為由水流自身扭轉產生向心力的旋流分手器,由裝備扭轉同時也動員液體扭轉產生向心力的離心分手機 。旋流分手器分為壓力式和重力式兩種。但因為離心分手機 具備體積小、單位容積措置才能高的長處,是以遍及用于軋鋼污水措置及高濁度河水的預措置。


02//微生物手藝

生物打仗氧化法

SHENGWUDAZHANGFASHIJIEYUSHENGWULVCHIHEHUOXINGWUNIFAZHIJIANDESHENGWUMOFA。ZAIDAZHANGSHENGWUYANGHUACHINEISHEYOUTIANLIAO,ZAITIANLIAOWAIBIAOFUZHUZHUYISHENGWUMOQINGSHICUNZAIDEWEISHENGWU,CAOZONGSHENGWUMOHECHONGSHIGONGGEIDEYANGQIDUIFEISHUIZHONGDEWUJIWUTINGZHIYANGHUAFENHUA,ZHONGJIUDAODAJINGHUASHUIZHIDEJIEGUO。GAIZHONGTILIJUBEIGAOXIAOJIENENG、ZHANDIXIAO、YUNZHUANBIANLIDENGTESE;

膜生物反映器措置

MOSHENGWUFANYINGQICUOZHISHUYUJIAOHANJIANDETILI,QISHOUYAOSHIBASHENGWUCUOZHIDANWEIHEMOFENSHOUDANWEILIANXIQILAIDEYIZHONGXINXINGDESHUICUOZHISHOUYI,CISHOUYIYONGMOZUJIANLAIQUDAICHUANTONGDEERCHENCHI,NENGGOUHUOXUHUOXUHUOXUWANCHENGGUTIHEYETIDEYOUYONGFENSHOU,FANGZHIXIANXIANWUNISHOUSUO、SHUIZHIBUBUBIANDEHUANJING。MOSHENGWUFANYINGQICUOZHITILIJUBEISHUICUOZHIXIAOLIGAO、FANGZHIERCIJINGHUA、MIFENGXINGQIANG、ZHANDISHAO、JIEGUOKUAIDETESE,SHIJINCHAOYILIAOFEISHUICUOZHIJIENADEZHILIUSHOUYI。

03//化學消毒法

YILIAOWUSHUIYIHUAXUEXIAODUWEIZHU,QISHOUYAOBAOLUOLVHUAXIAODU、YANGHUAJIXIAODU、FUSHEXIAODU、SHENGWULVCHIXIAODU,LVHUAXIAODU、YANGHUAXIAODUSHIJINCHAOJIAOWEIBIANJIDEHUAXUEXIAODUSHOUYI。

氯化消毒法

①YELVZUOWEIYIZHONGBIANJIDEXIAODUJI,BIANJICAOZONGZAIGEGEFANCHOU。QITESESHICAICHANYELVLAILIBIANJIQIEJIALVXIAODUDEYICIXINGZHUANGBEITOUZIHEYUNZHUANYONGDUJIAODI,XIAODUJIEGUOBINIBUBIAN,SHEXIANGLVLICHENGSHU;

②ERYANGHUALVCHANSHENGQIBUGUANSHIZAIZHUANGZHIRENGSHICAOZONGFANGMIANDOUJUBEILIANGDUOYOUSHENGXING,ERYANGHUALVBIRANCHENGWEIBINGYUANYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIDEYOUYONGCHANWUZHIYI。YILIAOWUSHUICAOZONGERYANGHUALVTINGZHIXIAODUNENGGOUHUOXUHUOXUHUOXUYOUYONGCHECHUSHIHUOBINGDU、YINBAOZICHONGDENG,QIEERYANGHUALVXIAODUBUSHOUPHZHIYINGXIANG,BUZUCHENGLVFANGDENGWUJILUDAIWU;

③CILVSUANNACUOZHIYILIAOWUSHUIYOULIANGZHONGCUOZHITILI:YIZHONGSHIJIENATOUJIAPIAOBAIFENDUIYILIAOWUSHUITINGZHICUOZHI。GAITILIYONGDUDI、JIANJIEYIXING,HESHIYUHUANZHERENSHUJUEDUIJIAOSHAO、FEISHUICHENGFENJUEDUIJIANLVEQIECHANSHENGLIANGJIAOSHAODEXIANGCUNZHOULIBINGYUAN;LINGWAIYIZHONGSHIANZHAOWUSHUIZHONGJINGHUAWUDEPINZHONG、SHUMUWANCHENGZHUDONGJILIANGTOUPEIXIAODUYAOJI,SHICUOZHIJIEGUOBINIBUBIAN。CIZHONGTILIHESHIYUDISHIJIYISHANGHUANZHERENSHUJIAODUO、FEISHUICHANSHENGLIANGJIAODA、CHENGFENBINIPANGZADEZONGHEXINGBINGYUANDEWUSHUICUOZHI。

氧化劑消毒法

CHOUYANGSHUYUGAOXIAOXIAODUJI,JUBEIANWEIXINGQIXI。CHOUYANGNENGGOUHUOXUHUOXUHUOXUYOUYONGJIANGJIEWUJIWU,FENSUIFENHUAXIJUNDEXIBAO,ZHONGJIUSHASIXIBAO。DIANMOCHOUYANGCUOZHIHOU,CHUJUNLVGAODA99.985%-99.998%,YAXIAOSUANYANLEIQUCHULVWEI79.5%,SEDUDEQUCHULVWEI77%。CHOUYANGSHAJUNWANQUANQIEBUSHOUWAIJIEHUANJINGYINGXIANG。DANCHOUYANGXIAODUYECUNZAIBIRANFANWEIXING,CHOUYANGHUAXUEXINGZIBUBUBIAN,QINGYIZAICHENGDUFENHUA,QIECHOUYANGXIAODUZHUANGBEIGAOGUI。

輻射消毒法

FUSHEXIAODUSHICAOZONGDIANLIFUSHESHAMIEZHIBINGWEISHENGWUDECAINENGDUIYICIXINGYILIAOYONGPINTINGZHIXIAODU。ZIWAIXIANXIAODUYONGYUYILIAOFEISHUICUOZHIDEDAOLI:CAOZONGZIWAIXIANGUANGZIDENENGLIANGFENSUISHUIZHONGDEGEZHONGBINGDUHEXIJUNDEYICHUANWUZIDNA,FENSUIQIDNABUJU,DAODAFUMIEBINGJUNDEFANGZHEN。GAIZHONGYILIAOFEISHUICUOZHITILIDECHANGCHUSHIYONGDUDI、TOUZIXIAO、SHIHOUDUAN。

生物濾池法

YILIAOFEISHUISHOUYAOLAIZISHOUSHUSHI、BINGFANG、XIYIFANGDENG,QISHOUYAODEJINGHUAWUWEIBINGDU、WEISHENGWUJIQIWUJIJINGHUAWU。BINGYUANKEJIENASHENGWULVCHIWUSHUICUOZHITILI,SHENGWULVCHIJUBEISHENGWUJIANGJIEFANYINGHEGUOLVLIANGZHONGGONGXIAO、SHENGWUHUOXINGGAO、LIANGDA、KANGDAJICAINENGQIANGDETESE。

醫療污水措置構建物

ZHONGGUOYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIGOUJIANWUBIELIYOUYIXIAJUBUZUCHENG:GEZHAJING、DIAOLICHI、JIDIANCHI、DAZHANGCHI、WUNICHUCHIJUBU,SHANGSHUJUBUKEYOUYONGBAOZHANGYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXITONGGAOXIAOYUNZHUAN。YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXITONGANZHAOFANGZHEN,TIAOXUANCHABIECUOZHIBUJU:

格柵井

GEZHAJINGWEIYUJINSHENGJINGDESHANGFANG,YINWEIYILIAOWUSHUIZHONGHANYOUDAPIJIAODADEXUANFUWUHEPIAOBOWU,GEZHADEKEKOULIUBINGQUCHUSHANGSHUWUZI,DUISHUIBENGHEHOUXUCUOZHIDANWEIQIYANHUGANHUA。LINGWAI,GEZHAJINGNEISHEZHI1TAIJIQIGEZHAHE1TAITILANGEZHA,JIQIGEZHAHETILANGEZHAJUBEINAIQINSHI,JIQIGEZHAZHUDONGCONGWUSHUIZHONGQINGSUANZHAZHA,BAOZHANGWUSHUICHUZHADEJIEGUO。

調理池

DIAOLICHIYUQIYUCUOZHIDANWEIHEJIANZAIYILU,DANRENDIAOLIYILIAOWUSHUISHUIZHISHUILIANG。DIAOLICHIZAIDIAOLICHIDEBIANJIAOCHUSHEYOUCHACHAOKONG,KEANQIDUIHUANLICHITINGZHIYANHU。LINGWAI,DIAOLICHIZHONGSHEYOUQIANSHUIJIAOBANJI,ANQIJIAOBANKEFANGZHIXUANFUKELIJIDIAN。

絮凝積淀池

JIDIANCHIYONGYUQUCHUWUSHUIZHONGDEXUANFUJINGHUAWU,XUEJIANLEXUANFUWUDIXIAODUJIDEJIAORAO,JIELIUXIAODUJIDEYONGLIANG,BINGWEIYULVZAIXIANZHUDONGJIANCEGONGGEIJIECHUDEHUANJING。QIJIENADIMAISHIGANGJINHUNNINGTUBUJU,YUQIYUCUOZHIDANWEIHEJIANZAIYILU。

消毒打仗池

JIDIANCHICHUSHUIJINRUXIAODUDAZHANGCHI,DAZHANGCHIKEBAOZHANGWUSHUIYUXIAODUJIJIANCHIBIRANDEDAZHANGDOULIUSHIHOU,BAOZHANGXIAODUJIYOUYONGDISHASISHUIZHONGXIJUN,CHUSHUIPAIFANGZHISHIZHENGGUANWANG。LINGWAI,DAZHANGCHINEISHEZHIDAOLIUQIANG,FANGZHIDUANLIU,ZAIDAZHANGCHIDECHUKOUSHEZHIYULVZHUDONGJIANCEZHUANGBEI,SHISHIDIAOLIXIAODUJIDETOUJIALIANG。

污泥儲池

SOUJIBINGZHUCUNXUNINGJIDIANCHICHANSHENGDEWUNI,ANQIXIANGCHINEICHASHOUSHIHUIDUIWUNITINGZHIXIAODU,WUNITUOSHUIHOU,LVYEHUILIUZHIDIAOLICHI。WUNICHUCHIDEBIANJIAOCHUSHEYOUCHACHAOKONG,KEANQIDUIHUANLICHITINGZHIYANHU。LINGWAI,WUNICHUCHIZHONGSHEYOUQIANSHUIJIAOBANJI,BIANYUJIAYAOXIAODUSHITINGZHIJIAOBAN。

YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIGOUJIANWUXUYAOLVLISANGELIUCHENG,BIELISHIWULICUOZHIJIEDUAN、SHENGWUCUOZHIJIEDUANHEWEIFANCUOZHIJIEDUAN。SANGEJIEDUANKEYOUYONGBAOZHANGYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXIAOLI。

01 一級措置階段(物理措置)

GUANWANGSOUJIDEYILIAOWUSHUIJINRUWUSHUICUOZHICHANGHOU,JINGCUGEZHAZUDANGDIAOWUSHUIZHONGJIAODAXUANFUWUHEPIAOBOWU,ZAIJINGYOULICHENGJINSHUIBENGJIANGSHUITIJINSHENG,BINGJINGXIGEZHAZUDANGQUCHUWUSHUIZHONGMIAOXIAOXUANFUWU。SUIHOU,WUSHUIJINRUCHENSHACHITINGZHISHASHUIFENSHOU;

02 二級措置階段(生物措置)

HUOXINGWUNIFASHICAOZONGSHUITIWEISHENGWUDETUICHENCHUXINGANHUACUOZHIWUSHUIZHONGWUJIWUHEDAN、LINDENGWUZI。JINCHAOSHOUYAOJIENA“QUEYANG-HAOYANGFA”、“YANYANG-QUEYANG-HAOYANGFA”、“YANGHUAGOUFA”DENGGONGYI。YINGYONGSHENGWUCUOZHIHOU,DAJUBUWUJIWUBEISHENGWUJIANGJIE,BINGYUWEIJIANGJIEDEJINGHUAWUYILUYIWUNIDEQINGSHICUNZAIYUSHUIZHONGTINGZHIGUYEFENSHOU。FENSHOUHOUDEWUSHUIJINGXIAODUCUOZHIDABIAOHOUPAIFANG;

03 污泥措置階段(微反措置)

CONGERCHENCHIZHONGPAIJIDEWUNIJINRUWUNIBENGZHAN,YIJUBUHUILIUDAOSHENGHUACUOZHIDUAN,JIANCHISHENGHUACUOZHIDUANWUNINONGDU,BAOZHANGSHENGHUAFANYINGPUTONGTINGZHI。QIYUZUOWEICANSHENGWUNIPAIZHIZHUNICHITINGZHIWUNIXISHITUOSHUI,ZUCHENGNIBINGHEZHAZHA、CHENSHAYILUXIECHEWAIYUN。

財產闡發

JINCHAO,ZHONGGUODEYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEGUISHUYUSHUIJINGHUABANLIHUANBAOXINGYEXIADEXIFENXINGYEFANCHOU,YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEXIALIUYIZHUANGBEIYUANZILIAOGONGGEISHANGWEIZHU,ZHONGYOUYIYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIQUANTICUOZHIDASUANGONGGEISHANGWEIZHU,QIXIALIUYIGEJIDANGJUHUANWEIJUBU、GEZHONGYILIAOJIGOUDENGYOUJINGHUAFANGZHIXUYAODEJUBUWEIZHU。JINCHAO,ZHONGGUOGEDABINGYUANCUNZAI“GAOJINGHUA,DIBANLI”JINKUANG。GENZHUYILIAOWUSHUITIMURIYIYANJUN、YILIAOHUANBAOZHENGCEDELIHAOHEZHONGGUOJINGJIDEJISUCHENGCHANG,GEJIYILIAOJIGOUDUIHUANBAOTOURUDEZENGTIANJIANGHUIJIANJIEZENGJINYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEDEJISUCHENGCHANG。

YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXIALIUXINGYESHOUYAOYIWUSHUIBANLIZHUANGBEIYUANZILIAOGONGGEISHANGWEIZHU,CIZHONGHUANBAOZILIAOCHANGSHANGZHITEDICHUCHANHUANJINGJINGHUAFANGZHI、HUANJINGXIUFUDEGEZHONGGENBENZILIAO、TUGONGFENHUAZILIAOCHANGSHANGDENG。WUSHUIBANLIZHUANGBEIYUANZILIAOGONGGEISHANGBAOLUODEGONGYONGZHUANGBEIYOU:WUSHUIBANLIZHUANGBEI、GUFENGJI、BENG、GUANJIAN、FAMEN、GANGCAIDENGTONGYONGZHUANGBEIZILIAOZHIZUOSHANG。MOZILIAO、WUSHUIBANLIYIBIAOYIQIDENGGONGYONGZHUANGBEIZILIAOZHIZUOSHANGDENG。

JINCHAO,ZHONGGUOXIALIUYUANZILIAOZHUANGBEIPINZHONGQIBEI,JUBEICHUCHANPEITAOCAINENG,DANJIAODIANCHANWUDESHOUYISHUIANRANPINGJINGKAODEZHUXINGYUFACAIGUODUBINIRENGYOUBIRANCHABIE,JUBUGUANTOUZHUANGBEIXUYAOCONGWAIYANGRUKOU。LINGWAI,XIALIUXINGYEDESHICHANGXIEZUOJIAOWEICHONGSHI,DUANSHIJIANNEIBUCUNZAISHICHANGBACHI、XINGYEXIANDINGDENGTEBIESHENFEN。CAICHANLIANCONGXIALIUZHIXIALIUXIANXIANJINZITAXING,XIALIUBAOLUOLEDAPIDEZHUANGBEI、JIQI、ZILIAO、YAOJIFANLI(2,500ZHONGYISHANG),SHIYI,XIALIUXINGYEXIEZUOJUEDUICHONGSHI、CHANWUTIHUANXINGJIAOQIANGWUSHUICUOZHI,SHICHANGGAODUPENGFEN,BUCUNZAIDUIXIALIUDUOSHUCHANGJIAYANJUNYIKAODEHUANJING。LINGWAI,XIALIUDUIZHONGYOUCHANWUSUOXUYUANZILIAODEGONGGEIJUEDUICHONGPEI,ZHONGYOUKEJINGYOULICHENGXIANGXIALIUXINGYETUIXIAOZHUANGBEISUOXUYUANZILIAO,CHUCHANZHIZUOHESHIXIALIUKEHUDASUANQINGQIUDEYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIHUANBAOZHUANGBEI。

YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYESHUYUHUANBAOXINGYEDEXIFENXINGYE,CAICHANLIANZHONGYOUSHOUYAOYIYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIGONGGEISHANGWEIZHU。YILIAOWUSHUIGONGGEISHANGFANSHIJIENA“YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIJUCUOBANFAYITIHUA”HUO“YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHITUJIANHUA”LAIWEIXIALIUYILIAOJIGOUGONGGEIBANSHI。LINGWAI,YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXIANGFANGZHENZAOQISHEXIANG、GONGCHENGCHENGBAO、ZHUANGBEITUIXIAOJIZHUANGZHIDENGJIEDUAN,DUOJIENAZHAOZHAOBIAO、XUNJIADENGTILI,ZHISHIZHONGYOUXINGYEXIEZUOZHUANGTAIJIAOWEIJULIE。QUANTIERYAN,YINWEIZHONGGUOGEDIYUJINGJICHENGCHANGCHENGDUZHENGQIBUQI,GEDIYUYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXIANGGANBANSHIDESHICHANGHUACHENGDUGEBIE,QUANBUYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEDESHICHANGHUACHENGDURENGRANBUGAO。ZHONGGUOSHUIJINGHUABANLIXINGYEZONGHELIRUNLVJINWUNIANYIXIANGJIANCHIZAI10%~12%,JIAOQIYUHUANBAOXINGYEERYAN,LIRUNLVJIAODI。CONGCAICHANTESE、KEJIHANLIANGHEBANSHIDEPANGZACHENGDULAIQUANHENG,GONGDAODEXINGYELIRUNLVQUJIANZAI:DOUHUIWUSHUICUOZHILIRUNLVWEI15%~35%;CAICHANWUSHUICUOZHILIRUNLVWEI8%~12%;YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHILIRUNLVWEI15%~35%;WUSHUIWUNIBENQIANHUACAOZONGLIRUNLVWEI20%~50%。

YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEZUOWEICHENGZHENGENBENBANSHIDEZUCHENGJUBU,SHIYIYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEJIANJUGONGYIXING、DIYUBACHIXINGDENGTESE。GENZHUSHICHANGJIZHIDEYINRU,DAPIYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIMINGMUJINGYOULICHENGDANGJUYUQIYEQIANDINGTEXUYUNYINGQUANHETAN。JINCHAO,ZHONGGUOYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYESHOUYAOJIENAEPHEEPCDEYUNYINGQINGSHI,CIQINGSHIXIAPUTONGJINGYOULICHENGZHAOBIAOQUDEMINGMUBINGGONGGEIZHUANYEBANSHI。LINGWAI,GENZHUHUANBAOTOUZIXUYAOYANXUZENGTIANHETOUZIFANWEIDEZENGDA,GENGDUOSHEHUIBENQIANDAOCHANGHUANJINGBANLIXIANGFANGZHENTOUZIFUZHI,XINGYESHICHANGHUACHENGDUSUIZHIJINBU,YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEZAIZHUANYECHENGBAOHEZONGCHENGBAOQINGSHIDEGENBENSHANG,XIANXIANBT、BOTDENGDUOZHONGJUBEIRONGZIXINGZIDELIYIYUNYINGQINGSHI。

YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEXIALIUYIGEJIDANGJUHUANWEIJUBU、GEZHONGYILIAOJIGOUDENGYOUJINGHUAFANGZHIXUYAODEJUBUWEIZHU。JINCHAO,50%DEYILIAOJIGOUJIANGYILIAOWUSHUIPAIRUBENDIDOUHUIDEXIASHUIDAOXITONG,YOU40%DEYILIAOJIGOUJIANGCHANSHENGDEWUSHUIPAIFANGDAOWUSHUICUOZHIGONGSI,2%DEYILIAOJIGOUJIANGCHANSHENGDEWUSHUIPAIFANGDAOQIYUGONGSI,JIEZHUQIYUGONGSITINGZHIWUSHUICUOZHI,8%DEYILIAOJIGOUJIANGCHANSHENGDEWUSHUIJIANJIEPAIFANGDAOJIANGLIU、HUBODENGZHOUBIANHUANJINGZHONG。QUANTIERYAN,ZHONGGUOGEDIYUDEYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHILVCUNZAICHABIE,TEBIESHIDIYUPIANPIDEYIXIEWEISHENGYUAN,SHEQUWEISHENGZHONGJIANDENG,QIWUSHUICUOZHILVNAIZHIWEILING。LINGWAI,ZHONGGUO60%DEBINGYUANBINGBUDUIJUBEIYANJUNFENGXIANXINGDEYILIAOFEISHUITINGZHIGONGDAOCUOZHI,SHUHULEFEISHUIZHONGBINGDUZHANRANNENGGOUHUOXUZHISHIDESHUIJINGHUAEXINGSHIWU。TONGSHI,ZHONGGUODUIYILIAOJIGOUWUSHUIBANLIDEZONGHEPINGJIATILIBUGOUMIXIN,ZHENGGAIBANFABUNENGKEGUANDIANZHAOYILIAOJIGOUDEBENSEHUANJINGTINGZHI。

協作款式闡發

ZHONGGUOYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHINENGGOUHUOXUHUOXUHUOXUXIFENWEIHUANBAOXINGYEZHONGDEWUSHUICUOZHIXIFENZIXINGYE,QIEYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIZHIZHANWUSHUICUOZHIQIYEDE20%DETINGYEZHICHU。SHIYI,CHANFAYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYESHICHANGXIEZUOKUANSHIBIXUCONGWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEDESHICHANGXIEZUOKUANSHIDONGSHEN。

JINGYOULICHENGDUIXIANGGANSHUJUTINGZHICHANFA,JINCHAO,ZHONGGUOWUSHUICUOZHIQIYEDUOSHUWEIZHONGXIAOXINGMINYINGQIYEWEIZHU,QIYEFANWEIBIANJIJIAOXIAO,SHICHANGJIHEDUJIAODI,NENGGOUHUOXUHUOXUHUOXUGONGGEICHENGTAOYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIZHUANGBEIJIXITONGCUOZHIDASUANDEQIYEJIAOSHAO。DANDUOSHUQIYEPINGZHANGSHOUYISHANGFENG,ZAIMOUXIEXIFENSHICHANGZUCHENGLEBIRANDESHICHANGXIEZUOSHANGFENG。CHUZHONGGUOQIYEWAI,XIOUQIYEPINGZHANGZHUANGDADESHOUYI、ZIJINCHENGCHI,JUYOUGAODUANYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIZHUANGBEISHICHANG,SHIZHONGGUOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEDESHOUYAOZUCHENGJUBU。JINCHAO,KUAGUOSHUIWUJUZI、GUOYOUSHANGSHIQIYE、MINYINGQIYEZUCHENGZHONGGUOYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYESHOUYAODESHICHANGHUAXIEZUOZHUTI。

跨國水務團體

GUOJIHUANBAOQIYEGENZHUDINGXINZHENGCEDEBANFAHEDUOYUANHUATOUZIZHUTIJINRUWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYE,GUOJISHUIWUJUZIBAOLUOWEILIYASHUIWUTUANTI、SUYISHIHUANJINGTUANTI、TAIWUSHISHUIWU、BOLINSHUIWUTUANTIDENGQIYEJINGYOULICHENGJIANJIETOUZI、KONG GU、CANGUDENGDUOZHONGTILIDAFANWEIJINRUZHONGGUOWUSHUICUOZHISHICHANG。ZAIDAXINGMINGMUZHONG,KUAGUOSHUIWUTUANTIYINWEIBENQIANQILIBORUOJISHOUYIJINBUQIANBEI,JUBEIJIAOQIANGDEXIEZUOSHANGFENG。DANZAIZHONGXIAOXINGMINGMUZHONG,YINWEIBANLIBENQIANJUEDUIJIAOGAO,XIEZUOSHANGFENGBUJIAOZHU。

國有上市企業

GUOYOUQIYEGENZHUDINGXINZHENGCEGUIZHIDELIANXUBANFA,GUOYOUQIYEJIENAGAIZHI、BINGGOUDENGTILIJINRUWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYE,TINGYEFANWEIMINJIEKUOZHAN。DAXINGGUOYOUSHANGSHIQIYERUBEIKONGSHUIWU、CHUCHUANGGUFEN、XINGRONGTOUZI、CHUANGYEHUANBAODENGJINGYOULICHENGBINGGOUDENGTILIMINJIEKUOZHANTINGYEFANWEI。

民營企業

MINYINGQIYEGENZHUSHICHANGHUALICHENGDEJIASU,ZHONGGUOGUDONGMIANLIHEZHIDAOBENQIANJINRUSHIZHENGGONGYONGQIJIFANCHOU,YISANGDETUANTI、GUOZHENHUANBAO、PENGYAOHUANBAOWEIDAIBIAODEMINYINGQIYEMANMANZOUXIANGZHUANYEHUA,ZAIXIFENSHICHANGSHANGJUYOUBIRANSHICHANGFENE。GENZHUZHONGGUOHUANBAOCAICHANDEJISUCHENGCHANG,WUSHUICUOZHICAICHANSHICHANGHUABANSHIXUYAOJIANGMANMANTUQI,XINGYEJIANGXIANXIANBENQIANZHENGHEYUKUADIYUCHENGCHANGDEQUXIANG,QUANXINGYEJIANGYOUDIYUXINGXIEZUOGUODUDAOGUOJIXINGDEXIEZUO。

ZHONGGUOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEGONGGEISHANGJINGLILVJIANGLUO,XINGYESHICHANGHUAQUXIANGYUEFAJIAOZHU,SHICHANGXIEZUOYEZAIMINJIEJIAZHONG,JIANGLAIWUSHUICUOZHIQIYEXUYAOJINYIBUJIENAJIANGLUOLIRUNLVDETILIQUDEMINGMU。

ANZHAODUIZHONGGUO2020NIANQIANYISHANGSHIDE25JIAZHUTINGTINGYEJUNWEIGONGSHUI、WUSHUICUOZHI、SHUICUOZHIZHUANGBEIZHIZUODEWUSHUICUOZHIQIYETINGZHISHUJUCHANFA,25JIAQIYE2019NIANDUDEZONGTINGYEZHICHUWEI1034.7YIYUAN,YUEZHAN2019NIANDUSHUIJINGHUABANLIXINGYEZONGZHICHUDE30.1%,ZONGJINGLIRUNWEI187.4YIYUAN。CHENGTOUKONGGU、BEIKONGSHUIWU、ZHONGQINGSHUIWU、BISHUIYUAN、LVCHENGSHUIWU、XINGRONGHUANJING、CHUCHUANGGUFENHEYUNNANSHUIWU,8JIAQIYEJINGLIRUNZHANDAO25JIASHANGSHIHUANBAOQIYEJINGLIRUNDE85.2%。25JIAQIYETINGYEZHICHUDEJUNYUNZENGJIALVWEI25.4%。ZHONGGUOSHUIYE、ZHONGQINGSHUIWU、YUNNANSHUIWU、JIANGNANSHUIWU4JIAQIYEDEJINGLILVZAI30%~35%,WUHANKONGGU、BISHUIYUAN、XINGRONGHUANJING3JIAQIYEDEJINGLILVZAI25%~30%,CHENGTOUKONGGU、BEIKONGSHUIWU、CHUANGYEHUANBAO、LVCHENGSHUIWUHEHUANNENGKEJI5JIAQIYEDELIRUNLVZAI15%~20%,QIYU13JIAQIYEDELIRUNLVJUNDIYU15%,CIZHONGCHUCHUANGGUFEN、GUOZHENHUANBAO、GUOZHONGSHUIWUDENGQIYEDEJINGLILVJUNDIYUBENXINGYEJUNYUNCHENGDU。

LIANXIGAIXINGYESHANGSHIQIYEJINGLILVHUANJINGCHANFA,25JIAQIYEJINGLIRUNJUNYUNZENGJIALVWEI19.9%,JUNYUNJINGLILVWEI16.4%。2019NIANWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEGONGGEISHANGJINGLILVJIANGLUOSHENMINGWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYESHICHANGHUAQUXIANGYUEFAJIAOZHU,TONGSHI,SHICHANGXIEZUOYEZAIMINJIEJIAZHONG,JIANGLAIWUSHUICUOZHIQIYEXUYAOJINYIBUJIENAJIANGLUOLIRUNLVDETILILAIQUDEMINGMU。

市場范圍

YINWEIYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYECHENG“SUIPIANHUA”SANBU,SHICHANGJIHEDUJIAODI。SHIYI,YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEJINCHAOPINFAJUTITINGYEZHICHUDENGXIANGGANSHUJU,BENWENANZHAOYILIAOWUSHUIGONGGEISHANGJUNYUNMEITAOYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIZHUANGBEIDEJIAQIANHEZHONGGUOJINCHAOZHUANGBEIGAIZHUANGBEIDEYILIAOJIGOUSHUTINGZHIYUSUAN,BINGANZHONGGUOWUSHUICUOZHIDEJUNYUNZENGSU6%ZUOWEISHENDINGZENGJIASUDU,DUIZHONGGUOYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHISHICHANGFANWEITINGZHIPINGJIA。JINCHAO,ANZHAOSHUJUCHAXUNBAIFANGCHANFA,ZHONGDENGFANWEIJUXIERJIBINGYUANJUNYUNYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIWEI100LIFANGZHINEI, YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIZHUANGBEIJUNYUNXUYAO50-70WAN。DAXINGSANJIABINGYUANJUNYUNWEI800-1,000LIFANG,YILIAOWU SHUICUOZHIZHUANGBEIAN5,000YUAN/FANGZUOWEIJIJIAO,JIAQIANWEI400-500WAN。

TINGZHI2015NIAN,ZHONGGUOYOUWUSHUICUOZHIJUCUOBANFADEBINGYUAN4,935JIA,AN5%DESANJIBINGYUAN、95%CHUSANJIWAIDEBINGYUANSHUJUHE6%DESHICHANGZENGSUTINGZHIYUSUAN(ANZHUANGBEIYINGSHOUJI),YOU2015NIANDE28.5YIYUANGUOMINBIZENGJIAZHI2019NIANDE35.9YIYUANGUOMINBI,NIANJUNFUHEZENGJIALV6.1%。YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEBUBIANZENGJIADEYUANYOU:GENZHUZHONGGUOHUANBAOCAICHANDEJISUCHENGCHANG,YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHICAICHANSHICHANGHUABANSHIXUYAOJIANGMANMANTUQIXINGYEJIANGXIANXIANBENQIANZHENGHEYUKUADIYUCHENGCHANGDEQUXIANG,ZAIFANWEIXIAOYINGDEBIANCEXIA,JIANGLAIXINGYEDEJIHEDUJIANGMANMANJINBU。GUJIJIANGLAIWUNIANZHONGGUOYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHISHICHANGFANWEIHUIJIANCHIBUBIANZENGJIATAISHI,DAO 2024NIANJIANGCHONGPO148YIYUANGUOMINBI,NIANJUNFUHEZENGJIALVDAODA6.2%。

政策環境

ZHONGGUOYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHITONGSHICUNZAIJINGJIXIAOYI,YILIAOWUSHUIZHOUQUANCUOZHIHOUDESHUIYUANCHENGWEIYIZHONGKECAOZONGDEBENQIAN,LINGWAI,ZUOWEI“BANLIBANSHI”DEGONGYIXINGXINGYE,YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEYUDANGJUZUCHENGXUYAOGANXI。

ZHONGGUOBINGYUANWUSHUICUOZHIJINCHAOZUNSHOUDEBIAOZHUNSHI《YILIAOJIGOUSHUIJINGHUAWUPAIFANGBIAOZHUN》,YILIAOWUSHUIBIXUJINGYANKUDESHENGHUAFANYING、JIALVXIAODU,DAODA“YILIAOJIGOUSHUIJINGHUAWUPAIFANGBIAOZHUN”HOUCAIKEPAIRUSHIZHENGGUANXIAN。SHIYI,JIANQUANYILIAOWUSHUIFANGZHICHANGXIAOJIZHIHEWANMEIDEYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIZUOWEISHEHUICHUCHANDEZHONGJIUJIEDUAN,QIXINGYEDESHOUYAOSHIMINGBIANSHITINGZHIJIEWEICUOZHI。CONGGONGXUGANXISHANGKAN,ZUOWEI“BANLIBANSHI”DEGONGYIXINGXINGYE,YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXINGYEYUDANGJUZUCHENGXUYAOGANXI。

YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHISHUYUYIXIANGYANHUHUANJINGGONGCHENG,YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIKEJINBUZHONGGUOYILIAOWEISHENGCHENGDU, FANGBEIJIBINGZHANRANDENG,BINGCHENGLIHUANBAOBINGYUANCHOUXIANG。LINGWAI,BINGYUANWUSHUICUOZHITONGSHIYECUNZAIJINGJIXIAOYI,YILIAOWUSHUIZHOUQUANCUOZHIHOUCHANSHENGDEGAOPINZHISHUIYUANCHENGWEIYIZHONGKECAOZONGDEBENQIAN,KEZUOWEIBINGYUANNEILENGQUESHUIHEQIGUOYONGSHUIHUOZUOWEIZAISHENGJIAGONGYONGSHUI。YILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIGONGGEISHANGDEZHONGJIUFANGZHENSHIDIANMOYIWUSHUICUOZHIDESHUIYUANKEJIANJIEXIANGSIZHOUHEDAOPAIFANG,GAIHUANJINGXIAKEDAFUJIANGLUOXIANGDAZHONGXIASHUIDAOHECUOZHIJIGOUDEWUSHUIPAIFANG,JIELIUDANGJUBENQIANJIYONGDU。LINGWAIYIFANGMIAN,ZHONGGUORENJUNSHUIBENQIANJUYOULIANGDIYUTIANXIAJUNYUNCHENGDUQIESHUIJINGHUADEHUANJINGJIAOWEIYANJUN。SHUIJINGHUAJIAZHONGLESHUIBENQIANQIANQUEDEDICHU,DUIGONGNONGYECHUCHANHEGUOMINHUKOUZUCHENGFENGXIAN。SHIYICONGZHENGCE、JINGJIDENGDUOFANGMIANDOUDUIYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIDOUCUNZAIQUDONGGANHUA。

ZHONGGUOHUANJINGYANHUZONGJUYU2020NIAN2YUEXUANBU《DUIYUJINYIBUJIADADUIYILIAOFEISHUIHEYILIAOZHAZIJIXILIDUDEGAOJIGAOSU》,JIENAPANDUANBANFAZENGQIANGYILIAOFEISHUIHEYILIAOZHAZIDEJIXISHIMING。SUIHOUYOUXUANBU《DUIYUZUOHAOXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUCHUANRANDEFEIYANYIQINGYILIAOWUSHUIHECHENGZHENWUSHUIJIXISHIMINGDEGAOSU》,ZHIZAIJINYIBUFANGZHIERCIJINGHUA,DUJIECHUANBULUZI。

2020NIANXINGUANYIQINGCHANSHENGHOU,GUODUHUANJINGYANHUZONGJUZHUDONGHUYING,YU2020NIAN2YUEXUANBU《DUIYUJINYIBUJIADADUIYILIAOFEISHUIHEYILIAOZHAZIJIXILIDUDEGAOJIGAOSU》,JIENAPANDUANBANFAZENGQIANGYILIAOFEISHUIHEYILIAOZHAZIDEJIXISHIMING,FANGZHIERCIJINGHUA,DUJIECHUANBULUZI。SUIHOUYOUXUANBU《DUIYUZUOHAOXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUCHUANRANDEFEIYANYIQINGYILIAOWUSHUIHECHENGZHENWUSHUIJIXISHIMINGDEGAOSU》,QINGQIUGEDIBINGYUANJIENASHAJUNMIEDUBANFAFANGZHIERCIJINGHUA,TONGSHIZENGQIANGBINGYUANFEISHUICUOZHICAINENGFUZHI、JIASUYILIAOFEILIAOJIHECUOZHIJUCUOBANFAFUZHI,CHENGLIYILIAOFEILIAOJIANSHIBANLIJIZHI。

XINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUHUANJINGXIA,ZUIXINDEYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIMINGBAILEWUSHUICUOZHIDELIANGTIAOZHUNSHENG:YISHIZENGQIANGJINGHUAYUANBANLI,JINFANGJINGHUAFENSAN;ERSHIXIAODUMIEJUN,JIEZHIBINGDUZISHENGFENSAN,BINGDIXIAODUJIDEPINZHONG、TOUYAOSHOUYI、TOUYAOLIANGDENGSHOUYIFANGZHENTINGZHILEJUTIHUADING。ZHONGXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUHUANJINGXIA,ZUIXINDEYILIAOWUSHUICUOZHIXIANGGANFALINGZHONGNENGGOUHUOXUHUOXUHUOXUFAMING,SHOUYIDASUANYUEFAZILI,BINGDUIQIYUPAIFANGBIAOZHUNHESHOUYIBIAOZHUN TICHUJIABEIYANKUDEQINGQIU。

ZHESHOUYAOYOUYIXIAYUANYOU:YIFANGMIANZHONGGUOPAIFANGBIAOZHUNHESHOUYIBIAOZHUNYIZUCHENGWANMEIDEXITONG,YIWANMEILEYOUYONGDEBIAOZHUNBIAOZHUN。YOUYONGDECANZHAONEISHISHISHIDEBIAOZHUNBIAOZHUNXITONGTINGZHISHOUYIDASUANDETILI;LINGWAIYIFANGMIANHUANBAOXINGYEZAIBINGYUANWUSHUICUOZHIHECHENGZHENWUSHUICUOZHIJUCUOBANFAYANJUNQUEFADEHUANJINGXIA,CHUCIMIANLINDAFANWEIBINGDUYIQINGBENGFA,PIANXIANGYUCAOZONGJIABEIYANKUDESHOUYIFANGZHEN。

申明:轉載此文是出于通報更多信息之方針。如有來歷標注毛病或加害了您的正當權利,請作者持權屬證明與本網接洽,咱們將實時改正、刪除,感謝。

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